Microparticles have been drawing intensive pursuits over current years resulting from their distinctive shapes, complicated constructions, and the aptitude of incorporating numerous features inside a single entity. They’ve been demonstrated to have promising prospects in various fields similar to organic evaluation and analysis, tissue engineering, anticounterfeiting, mechanical engineering, and structural supplies. In contrast with the normal preparation strategies, microfluidic lithography has opened up a brand new manner for the preparation of excessive precision, good monodispersity, and excessive throughput microparticles. There’s a nice want for a most complete evaluate that systematically summarizes the analysis findings rising in recent times and likewise offers steerage for future growth on this space. Right here, the current progress of microfluidic lithography strategies and the obtained microparticle morphologies are mentioned primarily based on a complete summarization of the fundamental components utilized in microfluidic lithography (i.e., microfluidic gadgets, precursors, masks, and UV mild). The postprocessing methods together with self-assembly and sintering are offered to doubtlessly bridge microparticles with sensible purposes. Moreover, the appliance prospects of microparticles are analyzed from the elements of cell manipulation, bioassay, and anticounterfeiting. Lastly, the restrictions of useful microparticles are summarized and their future advances are prospected, aiming to supply assist for the controllable preparation and software of useful microparticles.